By sense of safety and security, we mean a feeling of being free from danger, risk or injury at home or in the community.
Full description and underpinning theory
This outcome is about how cultural engagement supports people’s sense of safety and security: their sense of freedom from danger, risk or injury. This includes how safe they feel their local community is, as well as the broader Australian community, and how secure they feel in their homes and moving about in the community. We use ‘sense’ in this outcome as often people perceive that they are unsafe and insecure whilst crime statistics for a particular location may indicate that in fact there is a high level of safety and security.
(This item is currently in development. Updates will be posted here as they are completed).
Theory underpinning this outcome
Arts and cultural activities can impact on both sense of safety and actual safety. Culture can challenge negative images of people and places such as community mural painting which through adapting the urban environment have been shown to change a community’s perception of itself as well as that of outsiders (Ross, 2016). The presence of cultural activities in urban environments can result in a greater public presence which can increase feelings of safety. Activities such as creative placemaking, installations and events can increase public traffic which has been shown to increase public safety (Cozens and Love, 2015). The presence of buskers at subway stations have been linked to greater feelings of safety which then resulted in greater use of the subway and in turn may have led to an actual increase in public safety (Lake, 2012)
Evidence that this outcome occurs
(This item is currently in development. Updates will be posted here as they are completed.)
Activities and processes contributing to this outcome
(This section is currently in development. Updates will be posted here as they are completed.)
(This item is currently in development. Updates will be posted here as they are completed)
Sense of safety and security
Cozens, P and Love, T. (2015) A review and current status of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). Journal of Planning Literature. 30(4): 393-412.
Lake, J.G. (2012) Demsetz underground: busking regulation and the formation of property rights. New York University Law Review. 87: 1100-2102
Ross, C. (2016). Exploring the Ways Arts and Culture Intersect with Public Safety Identifying Current Practice and Opportunities for Further Inquiry. Washington: Urban Institute.
Cozens, P., & Love, T. (2015). A review and current status of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). Journal of Planning Literature, 30(4), 393-412.